20 - 01 - 2021



What is Stuttering?
Stuttering is a speech motor problem. It is not a psychological or emotion problem.

Types of Stuttering


  • Repetitions:
    1. Parts of words – e.g. “d-d-d-d og”
    2. Whole words – e.g. “go go go go to the shops"
    3. Phrases – e.g. “I want – I want – I want an ice-cream”
  • Prolongations: lengthening sounds in words – e.g. “d-o-o-o-o-o-o-g”
  • Blocking: a pause before getting the sound out.

Other characteristics may include eye blinking or facial grimacing.

When does it start?
Stuttering is usually noticed between the ages of 2 ½ to 4 years of age. It can often occur when children start to use more complexity in their language (e.g. longer sentence length and grammatical structures). Stuttering can start very suddenly or it may be gradual.

Gender Differences
Research shows that more boys than girls stutter. Research has also found that there is a strong genetic component.

How is Stuttering Treated?
The Lidcombe Program is a program used to treat stuttering in pre-school children. The program is parent based in that parents do the treatment with their child. In the first stage of the program the parent does the treatment (positive feedback towards the child’s stutter free speech) everyday as well as attend weekly visits to their Speech Pathologist. The second stage of the program involves gradually decreasing the frequently of visits as the child’s stutter free speech generalises.

Further Information
Please visit the Australian Stuttering Research Centre – Lidcombe Program for Children website:www.fhs.usyd.edu.au/asrc

Lincoln, M. (1999) University of Sydney Stuttering Lecture Notes